Guide to Recognizing and Managing Common Dog Eye Problems

As a pet owner, one of your top priorities is ensuring the health and well-being of your dog. Eye health is a crucial part of your dog’s overall health, yet it’s often overlooked until problems arise. Dogs, just like humans, can suffer from various eye issues, some of which can lead to serious health complications if left untreated. This comprehensive guide will explore the most common eye problems in dogs, signs to watch for, and effective treatment options to keep your dog’s vision sharp and their eyes healthy.


Common Dog Eye Problems and Treatments:

  • Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye):
    • Symptoms: Redness, inflammation, discharge.
    • Causes: Bacterial, viral infections, or allergies.
    • Treatment: Depending on the cause, treatments may include antibiotics, anti-inflammatory eye drops, or avoiding allergens.
  • Cherry Eye:
    • Symptoms: Protrusion of the third eyelid, resembling a red cherry.
    • Cause: Weakness of third eyelid ligament.
    • Treatment: Surgical correction is often required to reposition or remove the affected gland.
  • Cataracts:
    • Symptoms: Cloudiness over the eye lens, vision impairment.
    • Causes: Aging, diabetes, genetic predisposition.
    • Treatment: Surgical removal of the cloudy lens, followed by the placement of an artificial lens.
  • Glaucoma:
    • Symptoms: Eye pain, redness, cloudiness, dilated pupil.
    • Causes: Improper drainage of eye fluid, leading to increased pressure.
    • Treatment: Medications to reduce fluid production and pressure, or surgery in severe cases.
  • Corneal Ulcers:
    • Symptoms: Redness, squinting, excessive tearing.
    • Causes: Injury, dry eye, infection.
    • Treatment: Antibiotic or antifungal eye drops, pain relief, and in some cases, surgery.
  • Dry Eye (Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca):
    • Symptoms: Dryness, irritation, discharge.
    • Causes: Reduced tear production.
    • Treatment: Tear stimulants, artificial tears and sometimes anti-inflammatories.
  • Entropion:
    • Symptoms: Inward rolling of the eyelid, irritation.
    • Causes: Genetic, breed-specific.
    • Treatment: Surgical correction to prevent corneal damage.
  • Eyelid Tumors:
    • Symptoms: Visible lumps on the eyelid.
    • Causes: Benign or malignant growths.
    • Treatment: Surgical removal and biopsy to determine malignancy.

Preventative Measures and Healthy Eye Care Tips:

  • Regular Vet Check-ups: Early detection of eye issues can prevent severe complications.
  • Proper Grooming: Keep hair trimmed around the eyes to prevent irritation.
  • Eye Cleaning: Use a damp cloth to gently wipe away any discharge.
  • Nutrition: A balanced diet supports overall health, including eye health.
  • Avoiding Hazards: Keep your dog away from sharp objects and rough play that could injure their eyes.

Eye problems in dogs can range from minor irritations to serious health risks. Recognizing the signs early and consulting with your veterinarian can make a significant difference in your dog’s eye health and quality of life. By following the preventative care tips and seeking prompt medical attention for any issues, you can help ensure your dog remains happy, healthy, and visually sharp for years to come.

Have you noticed any changes in your dog’s eye health? At Fetch Specialty & Emergency Veterinary Centers, we specialize in more complex issues for your dogs and are always here to help.

About Us

Fetch Specialty & Emergency Veterinary Centers is a family-owned practice providing elevated specialty care, emergency medicine, and critical care in three convenient locations throughout Florida and South Carolina. Our board-certified veterinarians and highly skilled support staff all share a deep appreciation for pets, people, and the human-animal bond. We recognize how much you love your pet as a part of your family, and that’s why we love what we do!